In Romeo and Juliet (pdf) book, William Shakespeare creates a violent world, in which two young people fall in love. William Shakespeare’s passionate tale of two young lovers whose relationship is doomed from the start due to their families-the Capulets and the Montagues-being mortal enemies. Romeo and Juliet novel (pdf) is a popular book that has been made into a movie.
According to sparknote.com, Romeo and Juliet (pdf) is officially classified as a tragedy, but in some respects the play deviates from the tragic genre. Unlike other Shakespearean tragedies such as Macbeth, King Lear, and Julius Caesar, Romeo and Juliet is not concerned with a noble character whose actions have widespread consequence. Instead, the story describes the love between two ordinary teenagers.
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Summary of Romeo and Juliet pdf in English (shakespeare.org.uk)
An age-old vendetta between two powerful families erupts into bloodshed. A group of masked Montagues risk further conflict by gatecrashing a Capulet party. A young lovesick Romeo Montague falls instantly in love with Juliet Capulet, who is due to marry her father’s choice, the County Paris. With the help of Juliet’s nurse, the women arrange for the couple to marry the next day, but Romeo’s attempt to halt a street fight leads to the death of Juliet’s own cousin, Tybalt, for which Romeo is banished. In a desperate attempt to be reunited with Romeo, Juliet follows the Friar’s plot and fakes her own death. The message fails to reach Romeo, and believing Juliet dead, he takes his life in her tomb. Juliet wakes to find Romeo’s corpse beside her and kills herself. The grieving family agree to end their feud.
Main Characters in Romeo and Juliet Book
Romeo is the teenage son of the Montague family, who are busy feuding with the Capulets. In the beginning, Romeo is brooding over his unrequited love for Rosaline. When he sees Juliet at a party, Romeo instantly falls in love with her instead. They impulsively decide to marry the next day. Romeo initially refuses to fight Juliet’s cousin Tybalt; but when Tybalt kills Mercutio, Romeo avenges his friend’s death and kills him. He is banished as a result. Later, believing Juliet to be dead, he kills the mourning Paris, drinks poison and dies.
Juliet Capulet, on the cusp of 14 years old, falls in love with Romeo, the son of her family’s enemy. She subsequently proposes marriage. With the help of Nurse, her guardian, they are secretly married. However, in the wake of Tybalt’s death (and ignorant of her marriage to Romeo) Lord Capulet arranges for Juliet to marry Count Paris the next day. Cut off from all support except for that of Friar Laurence, she takes a sleeping draught to fake her own death, hoping to reunite with Romeo. When she wakes to find him dead beside her, she stabs herself.
Friar Laurence is a Franciscan friar and a mentor to Romeo and Juliet. He secretly marries them, hoping to broker peace between the two families. The Friar later arranges for a banished Romeo to spend the night with Juliet before he leaves. He prepares a potion for Juliet in order to fake her death, avoid marriage to Paris, and reunite with Romeo, but his warning message to Romeo never reaches him. When Juliet finds Romeo dead, the Friar fruitlessly tries to convince her to leave the tomb. He is initially suspected of her murder but soon freed.
The widowed Nurse is a loyal companion to Juliet, having cared for her since she was a baby. Her long-winded stories, raunchy comments, and distaste for men generally serve as comic relief throughout the play. She helps to arrange Juliet and Romeo’s secret marriage and often acts as an intermediary between them. The Nurse tries to stand up for Juliet when her family cuts her off; however, she later advises Juliet to marry Count Paris—which is ultimately the cause of the falling out between the two. She deeply grieves over Juliet’s death.
Mercutio is a relative of the Prince of Verona and a close friend to Romeo. His volatile nature, quick wit, and saucy wordplay serve as comic relief throughout the play. At the beginning of the play, he attends the Capulets’ party with Romeo and Benvolio. When Tybalt challenges Romeo and the latter refuses to fight back, Mercutio immediately attacks Tybalt. Finally, when Romeo tries to intervene, Mercutio is wounded and dies after cursing both families for their futile feuding. His death is a catalyst for the tragedies that follow.
Tybalt is the nephew of Lady Capulet and Juliet’s cousin. The Nurse also considers him her best friend. Hot-headed and proud, Tybalt is always a troublemaker. Mercutio mockingly calls him ‘the prince of cats’! Discovering the Montague boys at the Capulets’ party, he is eager to fight but is restrained by Lord Capulet. He later formally challenges Romeo, but Romeo refuses to fight. Mercutio fights Tybalt instead and is mortally wounded. Tybalt escapes the scene pursued by a vengeful Romeo and is slayed by his hand. His death is the cause of Romeo’s banishment.
Romeo and Juliet Minor Characters
Escalus, Prince of Verona
Fiddler and Musician’s
The Author of the Book Romeo and Juliet – William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon” (or simply “The Bard”). His surviving works consist of 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. Scholars believe that he died on his fifty-second birthday, coinciding with St George’s Day.
At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, who bore him three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592 he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of the playing company the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the King’s Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare’s private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.
Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1590 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the sixteenth century. Next he wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest examples in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime, and in 1623, two of his former theatrical colleagues published the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare’s.
Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the nineteenth century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare’s genius, and the Victorians hero-worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called “bardolatry”. In the twentieth century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are consistently performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.
According to historians, Shakespeare wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets throughout the span of his life. Shakespeare’s writing average was 1.5 plays a year since he first started writing in 1589. There have been plays and sonnets attributed to Shakespeare that were not authentically written by the great master of language and literature.
Vital Information about the Book Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
- Publisher : Simon & Schuster; Annotated edition (January 1, 2004)
- Language : English
- Mass Market Paperback : 336 pages
- ISBN-10 : 0743477111
- ISBN-13 : 978-0671722852
- Reading age : 12 – 17 years
- Lexile measure : AD570L
- Grade level : 2 – 3
- Item Weight : 6.2 ounces
- Dimensions : 4.26 x 6.76 x 1.5 inches
- Best Sellers Rank: #1,204 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
- #1 in Tragic Dramas & Plays
- #1 in British & Irish Dramas & Plays
- #2 in Shakespeare Dramas & Plays
Acts I to V from the book Romeo and Juliet pdf
Romeo and Juliet begins as the Chorus introduces two feuding families of Verona: the Capulets and the Montagues. On a hot summer’s day, the young men of each faction fight until the Prince of Verona intercedes and threatens to banish them. Soon after, the head of the Capulet family plans a feast. His goal is to introduce his daughter Juliet to a Count named Paris who seeks to marry Juliet.
Montague’s son Romeo and his friends (Benvolio and Mercutio) hear of the party and resolve to go in disguise. Romeo hopes to see his beloved Rosaline at the party. Instead, while there, he meets Juliet and falls instantly in love with her. Juliet’s cousin Tybalt recognises the Montague boys and forces them to leave just as Romeo and Juliet discover one another.
Romeo lingers near the Capulet house to talk with Juliet when she appears in her window. The pair declare their love for one another and intend to marry the next day. With the help of Juliet’s Nurse, the lovers arrange to marry when Juliet goes for confession at the cell of Friar Laurence. There, they are secretly married (talk about a short engagement).
Following the secret marriage, Juliet’s cousin Tybalt sends a challenge to Romeo. Romeo refuses to fight, which angers his friend Mercutio who then fights with Tybalt. Mercutio is accidentally killed as Romeo intervenes to stop the fight. In anger, Romeo pursues Tybalt, kills him, and is banished by the Prince.
Juliet is anxious when Romeo is late to meet her and learns of the brawl, Tybalt’s death, and Romeo’s banishment. Friar Laurence arranges for Romeo to spend the night with Juliet before he leaves for Mantua. Meanwhile, the Capulet family grieves for Tybalt, so Lord Capulet moves Juliet’s marriage to Paris to the next day. Juliet’s parents are angry when Juliet doesn’t want to marry Paris, but they don’t know about her secret marriage to Romeo.
Friar Laurence helps Juliet by providing a sleeping draught that will make her seem dead. When the wedding party arrives to greet Juliet the next day, they believe she is dead. The Friar sends a messenger to warn Romeo of Juliet’s plan and bids him to come to the Capulet family monument to rescue his sleeping wife.
The vital message to Romeo doesn’t arrive in time because the plague is in town (so the messenger cannot leave Verona). Hearing from his servant that Juliet is dead, Romeo buys poison from an Apothecary in Mantua. He returns to Verona and goes to the tomb where he surprises and kills the mourning Paris. Romeo takes his poison and dies, while Juliet awakens from her drugged coma. She learns what has happened from Friar Laurence, but she refuses to leave the tomb and stabs herself. The Friar returns with the Prince, the Capulets, and Romeo’s lately widowed father. The deaths of their children lead the families to make peace, and they promise to erect a monument in Romeo and Juliet’s memory.
Where to Buy Romeo and Juliet pdf (eBook) and Paperback Online
Online Reviews on the Book Romeo and Juliet (Amzon)
Can we all agree that what happened to R and J is really Friar Laurence’s fault?
C’mon Laurence. These are kids. You encouraged Juliet to take fake dying potion so that she (a 14 year old girl), could be with her infatuation of what… 3 days? Like, um … you’re supposed to be an older, wiser, akin to God adult and you didn’t think that faking her death was like, a red flag? You shouldn’t have to fake your death in order to be with someone. FFS.
OH, and then Laurence joins in the Capulets and Nurse when they are all crying about Juliet’s “death”? FOR SHAME FRIAR LAURENCE.
Friar John is no better. Worse than snail mail.
That’s my story and I’m sticking to it.
PS. The whole scene between Peter, “First Musician”, and “Second Musician” can go.
PPS. I’m so mad.
sugarchan5.0 out of 5 stars She loved it.
Reviewed in the United States on July 17, 2021Verified PurchaseGot this for my grand daughter to read for her summer reading list. You have to hear the joy in her voice as she was telling me about the book.
She thinks his sense of humor is so funny and really is getting into the play on another level.
It’s great to see how much fun she had reading it alone and I can only hope she will continue to read Shakespeare during her middle school years.
Jeff5.0 out of 5 stars One of My Favorite Shakespeare Plays
Reviewed in the United States on March 22, 2021Verified PurchaseOne of my absolute favorite Shakespeare plays, it’s as good as you expect it to be. A lot of Shakespeare’s earlier works seem a bit shallow at times, but there’s a lot to unpack here. Juliet is one of Shakespeare’s finest characters, and the Nurse is also great. I actually think a lot of the adaptations of the play don’t capture the same energy and tonal shift Shakespeare accomplishes, so I highly recommend reading the text at some point.
The Signet editions are great for reading Shakespeare. They’re very readable and compact, with good footnotes and useful supplementary material.
Joseph the evilcyclist5.0 out of 5 stars Clearest version of Shakespeare yet
Reviewed in the United States on August 26, 2013Verified PurchaseRomeo and Juliet (Shakespeare Made Clear) is Shakespeare with a plain contemporary English explanation. This companion book for the play that starts with explanations. There is an explanation of the language, the slang, the story, its history, and its modern adaptations. Following that is a short synopsis of the play. At this point the reader has a firm understanding of the play. The players and the story line are known. With this understanding of the story, the reader is introduced to the play. Each exchange is followed by clear, modern translations. Not only is each exchange put into common language, but slang and terminology of the time is explained; You’ll learn the meaning of words like “fettle” rather than passing over them. In addition, there are also notes explaining the actions taking place and referencing the meanings of the conversations. At the conclusion of the play, the reader is given a scene by scene summary, biographies of the major players, discussions of major themes, and a short biography of Shakespeare.
We all read Shakespeare in high school and many of us pretended to understand it. This book will do more than help you pass a test; it will give you complete understanding of the play.
Fred Phillips5.0 out of 5 stars The title says it all – Romeo and Juliet – Shakespeare Made Clear
Reviewed in the United States on August 27, 2013Verified PurchaseI purchased this book so my son could better understand this timeless classic, but I think I benefited from it the most. With a line-by-line translation in simple English, what is lost in the poetry of the language is gained in understanding the characters, the time, and the emotions. I find that watching Shakespeare performed on a stage in much easier to comprehend than reading it, but Romeo and Juliet Made Clear, by Garamond Press brings the story to life in easy to read language. Even though I read the story years ago and have seen it on stage a few times, I had an even clearer understanding of the story after finishing this book. Reading this book brings to life the speech of the period and the manner in which the Bard wrote his classic tale of love.
Not only is the translation extremely helpful, the introduction provides insight in to the dramatic structure, the origins of the story, and the historical context. No longer will Shakespeare be a universal annoyance to high school English students everywhere; with this book, anyone can become a Shakespeare scholar.
Stephen Armstrong5.0 out of 5 stars Best for your class…
Reviewed in the United States on August 1, 2000Verified Purchase(This review applies only to the Folger Shakespeare Library Edition) Most curriculum guides (e.g., State of Massachusetts, McREL) say that Romeo & Juliet is an upper middle-school play. It can be treated as a short tragedy (3,159 lines overall) and involves a number of strands from both the Theater and English/Language Arts guidelines.
This is the best book for individual students to purchase, because it is inexpensive and well organized.
I found another version more helpful for teachers–the Cambridge School Series edition of R&J. This costs more, but has a number of excellent activities and discussions that teachers can use.
Also, don’t forget some video versions of the play, available through Amazon’s video store. The 1964 Zefirrelli R&J features a comely lass but also reflects an Italian director’s ideas about a young girl sobbing. The 1996 Dicaprio/Danes “moderne” version, set in “Verona Beach,” is excellent, but you will see that major sections of dialogue have been cut, in favor of music and the visual expressiveness inherent in film. The 1992 HBO/Thames Films version is the most accurate in terms of dialogue, but also runs 3 hours. Also, there is Prokofiev’s ballet, which, as you can imagine, reflects the Russian composer’s genius–who else could do the ballet scene of the death vault, where all movement stops?
BeatGenie5.0 out of 5 stars Modern translation!
Reviewed in the United States on September 9, 2013Verified PurchaseAt some point or another, you will probably have to read Romeo and Juliet for a high school or college class. And if you’re like me–as in born in this century–you will have a hard time understanding it. The way that Shakespeare wrote his plays is completely different to how we speak today; even most of the words he used were foreign to me in school. This book is the ultimate guide to understanding absolutely everything about Romeo and Juliet in modern language. Not only does the author summarize the entire story into one short, simple synopsis–but they also translate each scene of each act, line for line in words that this generation of readers can understand. The author also goes through the trouble of providing the history of many unfamiliar phrases, and even of the entire story itself. This is definitely a must-read for either anyone working on Romeo and Juliet in a class or even just someone who would like to understand this brilliant play in ways they never could before.
Melody5.0 out of 5 stars A Modern Interpretation of a Great Classic
Reviewed in the United States on August 29, 2013Verified PurchaseIf you are a student or new to the works of Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet (Shakespeare Made Clear) is a handy, must have guide for understanding this great work of literature. The book not only lists modern language next to the original language, it also provides in depth historical information about the play, act-by-act synopses of the play, a cast of characters, the play’s major themes, and a section on Shakespeare himself.
This guide literally “translates” Shakespeare into modern language that is readily understood by today’s audience. Jokes, proverbs, contextual insights, and historical and religious explanations of the original language are also conveniently provided in footnotes below the passages.
For example, Romeo says, “But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.” The modern interpretation of that phrase is, “But wait–what light do I see in the window? It is the east, and Juliet is like the sun.” The footnote text further explains: “This scene, like others in the play, contains imagery of light and darkness. For example, Romeo stands in the shadows of Juliet’s balcony, and he compares her first to the sun and then to the brightness of the stars in the night sky.”
Organized in a manner that presents the original passages first, followed by the modernized passages, and the explanatory footnotes, it’s an easy read that will expand your knowledge and enjoyment of the Great Bard.
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