Nineteen Eighty-Four pdf 1984 book by George Orwell Themes, Quotes

Nineteen Eighty-Four pdf by George Orwell (also stylized as 1984) is a dystopian social science fiction novel and cautionary tale written by English writer George Orwell. It was published on 8 June 1949 by Secker & Warburg as Orwell’s ninth and final book completed in his lifetime. Thematically, it centres on the consequences of totalitarianism, mass surveillance and repressive regimentation of people and behaviours within society. Orwell, a democratic socialist, modelled the totalitarian government in the novel after Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany. More broadly, the novel examines the role of truth and facts within politics and the ways in which they are manipulated. The story takes place in an imagined future, the year 1984, when much of the world has fallen victim to perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance, historical negationism, and propaganda. Great Britain, known as Airstrip One, has become a province of the totalitarian superstate Oceania, ruled by the Party, who employ the Thought Police to persecute individuality and independent thinking.  In this article, you will be able to download Nineteen Eighty-four by George Orwell as well do the following:

  • Get a summary of Nineteen eighty-four (1984 book) by by George Orwell
  • Learn more about the author of 1984 book – George Orwell
  • Learn vital information about 1984 book
  • Some themes explored in the book 1984
  • Quotes from Nineteen eighty-four
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Nineteen Eighty-Four Summary by George Orwell

“Big Brother is Watching You.” “Orthodoxy means not thinking–not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness.” “If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face—forever.” ― George Orwell. Nineteen Eighty-Four: A Novel (1949), a dystopian novel by George Orwell, is a brilliant work of fiction exposing totalitarianism. The protagonist, Winston Smith, is a minor party functionary living in London which is shattered by a nuclear war right after World War II. Working as a rewriter of history in the Ministry of Truth, his work is to rewrite history by bringing it in line with current political thinking. However, Winston’s longing for truth and decency directs him to secretly rebel against the government. He embarks on a prohibited affair with Julia, a woman with the same mindset, and they rent a room in a region populated by proletariats. Winston and Julia, however, are unknowingly being watched closely by “Big Brother”.

About the author of 1984 book – George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair (with pen name of George Orwell) was born in 1903 in India, where his father worked for the Civil Service. The family moved to England in 1907 and in 1917 Orwell entered Eton, where he contributed regularly to the various college magazines. From 1922 to 1927 he served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, an experience that inspired his first novel, Burmese Days (1934). Several years of poverty followed. He lived in Paris for two years before returning to England, where he worked successively as a private tutor, schoolteacher and bookshop assistant, and contributed reviews and articles to a number of periodicals. Down and Out in Paris and London was published in 1933. In 1936 he was commissioned by Victor Gollancz to visit areas of mass unemployment in Lancashire and Yorkshire, and The Road to Wigan Pier (1937) is a powerful description of the poverty he saw there.

At the end of 1936 Orwell went to Spain to fight for the Republicans and was wounded. Homage to Catalonia is his account of the civil war. He was admitted to a sanatorium in 1938 and from then on was never fully fit. He spent six months in Morocco and there wrote Coming Up for Air. During the Second World War he served in the Home Guard and worked for the BBC Eastern Service from 1941 to 1943. As literary editor of the Tribune he contributed a regular page of political and literary commentary, and he also wrote for the Observer and later for the Manchester Evening News. His unique political allegory, Animal Farm was published in 1945, and it was this novel, together with Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), which brought him world-wide fame.

It was around this time that Orwell’s unique political allegory Animal Farm (1945) was published. The novel is recognised as a classic of modern political satire and is simultaneously an engaging story and convincing allegory. It was this novel, together with Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), which finally brought him world-wide fame. Nineteen Eighty-Four’s ominous depiction of a repressive, totalitarian regime shocked contemporary readers, but ensures that the book remains perhaps the preeminent dystopian novel of modern literature. Orwell’s fiercely moral writing has consistently struck a chord with each passing generation. The intense honesty and insight of his essays and non-fiction made Orwell one of the foremost social commentators of his age. Added to this, his ability to construct elaborately imaginative fictional worlds, which he imbued with this acute sense of morality, has undoubtedly assured his contemporary and future relevance. George Orwell is one of England’s most famous writers and social commentators. Among his works are the classic political satire Animal Farm and the dystopian nightmare vision Nineteen Eighty-Four. Orwell was also a prolific essayist, and it is for these works that he was perhaps best known during his lifetime. They include Why I Write and Politics and the English Language. His writing is at once insightful, poignant and entertaining, and continues to be read widely all over the world.

Information about the book 1984 (Amazon)

Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell
Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell

Themes explored in Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984 book) by George Orwell


In 1984, the Party seeks to ensure that the only kind of loyalty possible is loyalty to the Party. The reader sees examples of virtually every kind of loyalty, from the most fundamental to the most trivial, being destroyed by the Party. Neighbors and coworkers inform on one another, and Mr. Parson’s own child reports him to the Thought Police. Winston’s half-remembered marriage to his wife fell apart with no sense of loyalty. Even the relationship between customer and merchant is perverted as Winston learns that the man who has sold him the very tools of his resistance and independence was a member of the Thought Police. Winston’s relationship with Julia is the ultimate loyalty that is tested by the events of the book. In Book Two: Chapter VII, Winston tells Julia, “if they could make me stop loving you—that would be the real betrayal.” In the end, the Party does make Winston stop loving Julia and love Big Brother instead, the only form of loyalty allowed.

The Dangers Of Totalitarianism

1984 is a political novel written with the purpose of warning readers in the West of the dangers of totalitarian government. Having witnessed firsthand the horrific lengths to which totalitarian governments in Spain and Russia would go in order to sustain and increase their power, Orwell designed 1984 to sound the alarm in Western nations still unsure about how to approach the rise of communism. In 1949, the Cold War had not yet escalated, many American intellectuals supported communism, and the state of diplomacy between democratic and communist nations was highly ambiguous. In the American press, the Soviet Union was often portrayed as a great moral experiment. Orwell, however, was deeply disturbed by the widespread cruelties and oppressions he observed in communist countries, and seems to have been particularly concerned by the role of technology in enabling oppressive governments to monitor and control their citizens. In 1984, Orwell portrays the perfect totalitarian society, the most extreme realization imaginable of a modern-day government with absolute power. The title of the novel was meant to indicate to its readers in 1949 that the story represented a real possibility for the near future: if totalitarianism were not opposed, the title suggested, some variation of the world described in the novel could become a reality in only thirty-five years. Orwell portrays a state in which government monitors and controls every aspect of human life to the extent that even having a disloyal thought is against the law. As the novel progresses, the timidly rebellious Winston Smith sets out to challenge the limits of the Party’s power, only to discover that its ability to control and enslave its subjects dwarfs even his most paranoid conceptions of its reach. As the reader comes to understand through Winston’s eyes, 

Psychological Manipulation

The Party barrages its subjects with psychological stimuli designed to overwhelm the mind’s capacity for independent thought. The giant telescreen in every citizen’s room blasts a constant stream of propaganda designed to make the failures and shortcomings of the Party appear to be triumphant successes. The telescreens also monitor behavior—everywhere they go, citizens are continuously reminded, especially by means of the omnipresent signs reading “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU,” that the authorities are scrutinizing them. The Party undermines family structure by inducting children into an organization called the Junior Spies, which brainwashes and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any instance of disloyalty to the Party. The Party also forces individuals to suppress their sexual desires, treating sex as merely a procreative duty whose end is the creation of new Party members. The Party then channels people’s pent-up frustration and emotion into intense, ferocious displays of hatred against the Party’s political enemies. Many of these enemies have been invented by the Party expressly for this purpose.

Physical Control

In addition to manipulating their minds, the Party also controls the bodies of its subjects. The Party constantly watches for any sign of disloyalty, to the point that, as Winston observes, even a tiny facial twitch could lead to an arrest. A person’s own nervous system becomes his greatest enemy. The Party forces its members to undergo mass morning exercises called the Physical Jerks, and then to work long, grueling days at government agencies, keeping people in a general state of exhaustion. Anyone who does manage to defy the Party is punished and “reeducated” through systematic and brutal torture. After being subjected to weeks of this intense treatment, Winston himself comes to the conclusion that nothing is more powerful than physical pain—no emotional loyalty or moral conviction can overcome it. By conditioning the minds of their victims with physical torture, the Party is able to control reality, convincing its subjects that 2 + 2 = 5.

Language As Mind Control

One of Orwell’s most important messages in 1984 is that language is of central importance to human thought because it structures and limits the ideas that individuals are capable of formulating and expressing. If control of language were centralized in a political agency, Orwell proposes, such an agency could possibly alter the very structure of language to make it impossible to even conceive of disobedient or rebellious thoughts, because there would be no words with which to think them. This idea manifests itself in the language of Newspeak, which the Party has introduced to replace English. The Party is constantly refining and perfecting Newspeak, with the ultimate goal that no one will be capable of conceptualizing anything that might question the Party’s absolute power.

Interestingly, many of Orwell’s ideas about language as a controlling force have been modified by writers and critics seeking to deal with the legacy of colonialism. During colonial times, foreign powers took political and military control of distant regions and, as a part of their occupation, instituted their own language as the language of government and business. Postcolonial writers often analyze or redress the damage done to local populations by the loss of language and the attendant loss of culture and historical connection.

Independence And Identity

While the Party’s primary tool for manipulating the populace is the control of history, they also control independence and identity. For example, the basic traits of establishing one’s identity are unavailable to Winston and the other citizens of Oceania. Winston does not know how old he is. He does not know whether he is married or not. He does not know whether his mother is alive or dead. None of his childhood memories are reliable, because he has no photos or documents to help him sort real memories from imagined ones. Instead of being unique individuals with specific, identifying details, every member of the Outer Party is identical. All Party members wear the same clothing, smoke the same brand of cigarettes, drink the same brand of gin, and so forth. As such, forming a sense of individual identity is not only psychologically challenging, but logistically difficult. Most of Winston’s significant decisions can be interpreted as attempts to build a sense of identity. His decision to purchase a diary and begin recording his thoughts is an attempt to create memory and history. His decision to purchase the paperweight is driven by a desire to have something of his own that represents a time before the Party. Winston’s sexual relationship with Julia and their decision to rent an apartment where they can spend time together represent dangerous crimes in the world of 1984. In deciding to pursue a relationship with Julia, Winston asserts his independence and further establishes his identity as an individual who resists the Party’s control. Ultimately, though, Winston’s attempts to maintain his independence and create a unique identity are no match for the Party. Winston’s experiences in the Ministry of Love represent the complete disassembly and destruction of all aspects of his individuality. When he is returned to society he has lost all independence and uniqueness, and has become part of the Party’s faceless collective.

Quotes from Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell

“Perhaps one did not want to be loved so much as to be understood.”

“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”

“War is peace. Freedom is slavery.Ignorance is strength.”

“The best books… are those that tell you what you know already.”

“If you want to keep a secret, you must also hide it from yourself.”

“If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face—for ever.”

“It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.”

“We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness.”

“Doublethink means the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one’s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.”

“Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious.”

“Now I will tell you the answer to my question. It is this. The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power, pure power. What pure power means you will understand presently. We are different from the oligarchies of the past in that we know what we are doing. All the others, even those who resembled ourselves, were cowards and hypocrites. The German Nazis and the Russian Communists came very close to us in their methods, but they never had the courage to recognize their own motives. They pretended, perhaps they even believed, that they had seized power unwillingly and for a limited time, and that just around the corner there lay a paradise where human beings would be free and equal. We are not like that. We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means; it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power. Now you begin to understand me.”

“In the face of pain there are no heroes.”

“If you loved someone, you loved him, and when you had nothing else to give, you still gave him love.”

“Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing.”

“Perhaps a lunatic was simply a minority of one.”

“Being in a minority, even in a minority of one, did not make you mad. There was truth and there was untruth, and if you clung to the truth even against the whole world, you were not mad.”

“Reality exists in the human mind, and nowhere else.”

“Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows.”

“Big Brother is Watching You.”

“The choice for mankind lies between freedom and happiness and for the great bulk of mankind, happiness is better.”

“I enjoy talking to you. Your mind appeals to me. It resembles my own mind except that you happen to be insane.”

“For, after all, how do we know that two and two make four? Or that the force of gravity works? Or that the past is unchangeable? If both the past and the external world exist only in the mind, and if the mind itself is controllable – what then?”

“Nothing was your own except the few cubic centimetres inside your skull. ”

“Orthodoxy means not thinking–not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness.”

“We do not merely destroy our enemies; we change them.”

“Confession is not betrayal. What you say or do doesn’t matter; only feelings matter. If they could make me stop loving you-that would be the real betrayal.”

“You are a slow learner, Winston.”
“How can I help it? How can I help but see what is in front of my eyes? Two and two are four.”

“Sometimes, Winston. Sometimes they are five. Sometimes they are three. Sometimes they are all of them at once. You must try harder. It is not easy to become sane.”

Where to buy Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell online

1984 was George Orwell’s chilling prophecy about the future. And while 1984 has come and gone, his dystopian vision of a government that will do anything to control the narrative is timelier than ever. This novel titled Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell was nominated as one of America’s best-loved novels by PBS’s The Great American Read and can be bought online from the following sites:

Read reviews on Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell

Editorial reviews and praise for the book

One of the BBC’s 100 Novels that Shaped the World “Orwell saw, to his credit, that the act of falsifying reality is only secondarily a way of changing perceptions. It is, above all, a way of asserting power.”—The New Yorker “1984 is a profound, terrifying, and wholly fascinating book. It is a fantasy of the political future, and like any such fantasy, serves its author as a magnifying device for an examination of the present.”—Lionel Trilling From the Publisher

“A work of extraordinary quality and intensity.” — The Independent

“This risk-taking adaptation of George Orwell’s masterpiece is double plus good.” —The Telegraph

“This is a staging that reconsiders a classic with such steely power that it chills brain, blood and bone.” — The Times

“[A] pitilessly brilliant retelling of the doomed love affair between Winston and Julia.” — The Guardian

Customer reviews on barnesandnoble for Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell


B&N Home Office
5 out of 5 stars.

2 years ago  
Makes You Think

Orwell’s imagination of what a future society might look like at its worst has some shocking similarities to modern times. In this dystopian tale, mindless obedience rules, and as the main character finds himself straying, the regime crushes in. Although written in 1949, Orwell makes indirect references to “fake news,” “facetime,” “social media,” and more. Big Brother is watching!


5 out of 5 stars
 2 months ago  
Good Book

1984 is a great read. It is one of my favorite books. It follows a man named Winston, living in a totalitarian government, dystopian world. He has little to no freedoms, and most importantly, has no free speech. He is constantly watched through telescreens. Right at the start of the book, winston becomes our dystopian hero, by purchasing a diary and writing his hatred of big brother, the symbolic overlord of the government. This is a serious crime. Later in the book, he meets a girl he works with, named Julia. They soon begin an intimate relationship, another serious crime. A party member named O’Brien, an acquaintance of Winston’s, invites Julia and him to his luxurious apartment. He invites them to join the Brotherhood, an anti-government group. As they join the brotherhood, soldiers and government officials appear out of nowhere and arrest Julia and Winston. O’Brien was a spy all along. They are arrested and Winston is tortured. Winston eventually snaps and tells O’Brien to torture Julia instead of him. This is what O’Brien wanted, as it shows that Winston gave up on his and Julia’s relationship. In the end, Winston does not resist the government and believes in big brother.One of the most significant scenes in the book is when Winston snaps and tells O’Brien to torture Julia instead of him. It shows how far a government can go in its power. This entire ending section of the book revolves around the government’s rules against freedom of speech and expression. Winston goes through intense and brutal torture for doing what would be normal things in a normal society. He eventually snaps, putting the torture on Julia instead, showing that the government broke him down from a rebellious, dystopian hero, to a normal victim of a dystopian society. “‘Do it to Julia! Do it to Julia! Not me! Julia! I don’t care what you do to her. Tear her face off, strip her to the bones. Not me! Julia! Not me!'”. Winston betrays Julia, not at the total fault of his, but the government.

5 out of 5 stars.2 months ago  
We Are Living It!

This is a classic. I read it already twice and it is so relevant in today’s world. You can’t help but to wonder whether we live in Orwellian world right now. I would recommend this book to anyone who believes in democracy and who want to realize how much freedom we have actually lost.

Palm Beach, Florida
4 out of 5 stars.3 months ago  
1984 Review. Thought Provoking!!!

1984 was definitely an interesting read. The book, for me, had ups and downs. While reading there were some parts that were extremely interesting while others took me a while to get through. I wasn’t a massive fan of the book but I found it to be a book that I would definitely think about further on. However, I do see why many people love this book. The book talks about a man, Winston, who is an “editor”, but really just digs up old records that don’t conform to the government’s ideas and he “fixes” them. This book brings up topics like government monitoring, violent protests, false facts on the news, and missing public documents. This book is scary, not in a horror type of way, but it shows us a future that seems very similar to the way our society seems to be heading.
George Orwell made amazing predictions about the future that seem extremely close to how it really seems to be. Given his complex description of the future this book may take a few reads to completely understand, however, he took on a huge task: creating a future nearly half a century away from the time period in which he was writing. His take on the future seems to be predicted based on ideas that were building up during his time. Orwell portrayed this future extremely realistically which is the horror part of 1964. His future is recognizable. This book shows that people in control will use propaganda and manipulation to maintain control just to slightly calm their power hungry hearts. In the book, the Thought Police, the Two-Minute Hate, and Doublethink make it easy to see how a person’s ability to think independently can be so easily manipulated just by planting ideas in their head that grow through popularity.
Another interesting part of 1984 is Winston’s relationship with Julia. He seems to believe that Julia is a rebel that just lives in the moment. She doesn’t care about the injustice or the government control and manipulation, but instead she rebels just far enough to get what she wants. Ironically, although Winston claims this, he is really the rebel. He isn’t physically a rebel but mentally, or rather intellectually. He constantly worries about the issues of truth and freedom as well as the real past, without the editing. Since he is mentally a rebel he is scared to push these ideas farther than just thoughts. But with Julia they make a complete rebellion both physically and mentally, but alone they aren’t strong enough to take a stance.
Overall, I found this book to be thought provoking, to say the least. The book is a reminder of what happens when people who encourage war and have strong ideas come to power. The government demonetizes all ideas that are considered a threat. It shows the problems that come with government controlled censorship and shows that as long as strong leaders can manipulate society, they can control it all. This book is a perfect example of dystopian literature and pushes the problems of society slightly farther as a warning.

Customer reviews on Amazon for Nineteen Eighty-Four

Truth Seeker
5.0 out of 5 stars A Message To Young Readers Who Have Been Assigned This Book
Reviewed in the United States on June 17, 2018
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This is one of the first books I have read more than once. I first read “1984” in 1985 and now for the second time in 2018. The book has remained the same, but both the world and I have not. I cannot begin to convey how genuinely frightening this book is. I am a lover of popular science fiction and am astounded by Orwell’s ability to be more compelling, entertaining and engrossing than authors with the benefit of light sabers, phasers and teleportation. To every young person who has been assigned this book, know that you are reading a literary work of art. Many of you will understand and appreciate it, but if you love literature, please make a mental note to read this again when you are older. Youth brings with it eternal hope, boundless optimism and of course, hormones, so you will find yourself rebelling against the pessimism of the book itself – you will effectively be Winston raging against the machine, hoping, searching, questing for a way out. In short, you will cheat.

But when you get older, have a family, lose loved ones and see some of your dreams unfulfilled – when you witness entire nations and races of peoples born, live and die in brutal squalor – when you reflect on the technological advances made over the decades and gaze, with mouth agape, at how a people can be less advanced, less informed and less enlightened, not despite these innovations, but BECAUSE of them, then you will read 1984 as it was meant to be read…not as a dark, dystopian world you enter when you open the book, but a beautifully brutal warning that, even as you read it, is prophetically coming true around you.

Liz Benn
5.0 out of 5 stars Extremely important & relevant!!
Reviewed in the United States on July 4, 2020
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Over 70 years ago Orwell predicted exactly what is happening in the USA today. His brilliant instincts for our future were uncanny. Our country is under assault right now (& has been) by “Big Brother” – ie. communism. Every thought is controlled from all media to removal of our history & heritage to absolute destruction of our laws & erasing of our real history. This was required reading when I was in HS in 1968 & it should be again today. Do yourself a favor & read this before Amazon takes it off their list of books. I doubt they’ll publish this review. Let’s see.

Amazon Customer
4.0 out of 5 stars Does 2+2 really equal 4?
Reviewed in the United States on December 1, 2017
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1984 is a thrilling classic novel by George Orwell that brings readers into a dystopian society where citizens know “Big brother is watching you.” (Orwell 2) The book follows Winston Smith as he secretly denounces the all-powerful government, Big Brother, and decides to live a daring life of scandals and secrets. As expected, Big Brother catches Winston, and tortures him ruthlessly until he is a shell of his former self. Although the storyline itself is exhilarating enough to make readers want to turn the next page, it’s really the larger message that makes this read so worthwhile: extreme political philosophies, like Big Brothers’ totalitarianism, are no good. I will admit at times I felt I didn’t even like Winston, like when he first saw Julia, his lover, and told her “I hated the sight of you…I wanted to rape you and then murder you afterwards.” which shows misogyny in the most unsettling way, and when he kept dismally repeating that “there was no escape” from death because of his love affair (Orwell 120, 152). Regardless of whether or not the characters are relatable, the book definitely serves as a cautionary tail to all those who have scanned it pages. This book has many horrifying elements and scenes, such as telescreens, the things constantly watching people even in their own homes. Newspeak, Big Brother’s official language, is also very unsettling, as the government controls what people say and think without them realizing it, because the words to think bad thoughts do not even exist. However, limited language and stalking screens are nothing compared to the awful dehumanization that Big Brother inflicts on those who don’t agree with them. When brought to room 101 in the Ministry of Love (how ironic of a name), Smith was subjected to “the worst thing in the world,” as O’Brien recalled, almost killing Winston using his worst fear (Orwell 283). This turned Winston into what seemed like an animal with rabies, and after this punishment (in which he was spared death because he betrayed his lover Julia) he was never the same.

Perhaps, though, the scariest thing about this novel was that I didn’t find it all that scary. Many things Orwell brilliantly predicted are a reality now, like cameras in the pockets of nearly every person in a developed country that could potentially “see” and “hear” everything. Phones like the iPhone not only have fingerprints (for touch identification) but now are starting to delve into the world of facial recognition, and no one truly knows for sure where this information goes. We see far worse things than Winston saw in the Ministry of Love by simply turning on the news. Nations like North Korea have complete control over their citizens, and the saddest part is, these citizens are too shielded from reality to even know that there is something wrong with the way they are treated. People also have the tendency to blindly trust whatever the media says, which could just be another way us people are manipulated every day. It makes me wonder, is 2+2 really 4… or, because numbers are a concept created by man, could it really equal 5?

Rakesh Agrawal
5.0 out of 5 stars Beware, He (not he)! is watching us!
Reviewed in India on September 8, 2018
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A Bihari angarez, Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his penname, George Orwell, wrote this book in 1949, supposedly A satirical description of A totalitarian state. Little did he realize that it will describe India, A so-called democratic state of 2018, so vividly!

Honest Reviewer
4.0 out of 5 stars The shape of things to come?
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 27, 2019
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Any society implementing Marxism usually ends up like a third-world country with a small wealthy elite, a large administration class and the remainder – the vast majority – living equally in poverty. 1984’s Oceania is this dystopian superstate. Winston Smith, the central character, is someone who dares to question the totalitarian regime he is living subject to.
When George Orwell wrote this book, the means of monitoring and controlling people were not well advanced, and many ‘anti-state’ behaviours could go unnoticed and unchecked. Also, Marxism (and Globalism) had not got a toehold in the West. Essentially then his novel was little more than a work of fiction. Reality is now beginning to catch up. The two main ingredients are now here: Marxism is going mainstream in the West, and technology is allowing governments and organisations to record the minutiae of everyone’s life (online comments, credit-card purchases), disseminate propaganda (fake news) and enforce conformity (China’s Social Credit System). In this so-called clown world in which we now live democracy is being sidelined, history is being rewritten, truths and facts are becoming ‘constructs’, scapegoats are being created to funnel hate, the traditional family unit is being attacked, etc, etc. George Orwell would not have to dig deep for inspiration, were he writing 1984 now. This is a very depressing novel; and if you are quite content to live happily in your bubble, then I advise you not to read it.

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